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Polyoxomolybdate and Aqueous Nanodrop



The water nanodrop consists of 100 water molecules inside a quasi-spherical polyoxomolybdate nanocapsule cluster {(Mo)Mo5}12(Mo2 spacer)30 [417]. The structure of the contained nanodrop may be modulated by changes in the surrounding molybdenum-based cluster [547]. The water molecules are held by ice-like hydrogen bonding with the attractive bond energies between of the 30 hydrogen bonds in the inner dodecahedron, the 50 hydrogen bonds in the inner two shells and all the hydrogen bonds in the outer shell of 60 water molecules calculated to be 23.3 kJ ˣ mol-1, 29.7 kJ ˣ mol-1 and 28.9 kJ ˣ mol-1 respectively [547]. The structure [417] is shown below with the interior H2O oxygen atoms shown green on the right.


Oxomolybdate nanodrop, with and without internal water, shown green


The inner four shells of ES, consisting of 160 water molecules (see below right), have been found in almost identical positions and orientations within the cavity-encapsulated icosahedral water nanodrop in the {(NH2)3C}20.{(Mo)Mo5O21(H2O)6}12.{Mo2O4(SO4)}10.{Mo2O4(H2PO2)}20.100H2O cluster. The interactive structure of this cluster is available (Jmol) as is the water ES structure (Jmol).

Positions of water in nanodrop and ES



Comparison of water positions in ES and the Mo nanodrop



The linkage of water molecules (O-atoms shown green) to the pentagonal (MoVI)MoVI5 groups (Mo violet, O red) in the nanocapsule is shown below left. Five hydrogen-bonded links form between pentagonal boxes of water molecules (H2O)25 in the nanodrop and each of twelve such groups. The full water molecules are shown on the right with the protons placed randomly.





The link to water (O atoms shown green) in the water nanodrop

The link to water (H atoms placed randomly) in the water nanodrop

The growth of the clustering is shown below, where the clustering up to 160 molecules of water is as within both the nanodrop and icosahedral water (ES) cluster whereas the larger clusters are found in ES only.


Water cluster architecture in the icosahedral water cluster and the Mo nanodrop


The water nanodrop is affected by the structure of the spacer groups (above shown as SO4 and/or H2PO2). The structure of the nanodrop with formate (HCO2-) spacer ligands has been compared with the above structure with sulfate (SO42-) and spacers [2284]. Both capsules contain 172 H2O molecules plus 30 ligands and have their 20 pores sealed by 20
formamidinium cations, as above. The nanodrop surrounded by the smaller formate spacers is found to be more fluid than with the larger sulfate spacers [2284].

Putative nanocapsule containg a C60 fullerene





The structuring of the water inside the {(Mo)Mo5}12(Mo2 spacer)30 nanocapsule and outside the C60 fullerene are easily matched and allows the possibility of containing a C60 fullerene within the nanodrop, as shown opposite. This cluster has not been found or even described until now, but is thought quite possible when considering the high solubility of both materials and the mechanism of formation of the nanocapsule. The interactive structure of this cluster is available (Jmol).



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This page was established in 2007 and last updated by Martin Chaplin on 21 July, 2015

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